Home » Articles


Fullerenes – Remedy of the 21st Century.

Fullerene - a unique and absolutely new form of existence of carbon, was discovered by American chemists - theorists in 1985, for which they were awarded with the Nobel Prize. On the basis of space spectral analysis it was predicted the existence of hollow spheres consisting of carbon, inside these spheres many useful matters can be placed – from an inert gas up to the fragments of genetic codes. The only thing that was absolutely not clear where to find these unique fullerenes and how to study them properly. The answer came quite unexpectedly, when on the turn of 19 and 20 centuries, the fullerenes were discovered in the only on Earth deposit of schungite on the bank of the Onega Lake in Karelia. More »

Unique Properties of Shungite Water

Amazing properties of Shungite known nowadays is only a small part of what is inherent by the nature into this unique mineral. With proper regard of humans to Shungite and necessary researches this mineral can open the way to long-life health and fruitful longevity. More »

Water as One of the Economic Issues Outlined by the President of Indonesia

President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono outlined several economic opportunities for Indonesia in his speech at Kadin. More »

Shungite - the medicine of the 21st century.

An amazing rock: it eliminates and absorbs all that imposes a hazard on people and living beings, but it concentrates and restores all that is helpful for a human being. Shungite shields electromagnetic radiation of high and ultrahigh frequency. The scientists who have investigated the Shungite declare unanimously, it is a miracle!
Shungite is the world only natural mineral containing fullerenes (discovered in 1985) - special type of the carbon molecular form. In 1996 the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry to Professor Robert F. Curl, Jr., Professor Sir Harold W. Kroto and Professor Richard E.Smalley for their discovery of fullerenes. More »

Indonesia Contextual Analysis in Water Supply and Sanitation Sector

River water quality in Indonesia is mostly affected by domestic waste as well as industrial and agricultural waste. River water monitoring has been carried out in 30 Provinces in 2004, with samples taken twice per year. The monitoring result indicates that parameters of DO, BOD, COD, fecal coli and total coli form are mostly above the water quality standards class I under Government Regulation 82/2001 More »

Indonesia National Program for Community Water Supply and Sanitation Services

This report is the main output from a consultancy to provide technical guidance to the World Bank Indonesia and Government of Indonesia’s Ministry of Health team in the preparation of hygiene and sanitation promotion components for the proposed National Program for Community Water Supply and Sanitation Services (NPCWSSS) More »

Demand-Responsive Approach to Water Supply and Sanitation

The village’s 180 households used to source their water from the river about 500 meters from the village center. Today, the village of Kuto Teungah gets its water from two public hydrants that the villagers themselves built, and with plans to set up four more before the year ends. Water through a 360-meter pipe line, which includes a 60-meter pipe bridge running over a river, fows to designated public hydrants. More »

Improving Water Supply and Sanitation Services for the Urban Poor in India

In 2006–07, the Water and Sanitation Program–South Asia initiated a research to identify barriers to service delivery for the urban poor. The findings of the research have been presented in the Guidance Notes on Improving Water Supply and Sanitation Services for the Urban Poor in India. The Guidance Notes provide a systematic analysis of the barriers to service delivery for the urban poor and recommend practical solutions and strategies for overcoming these barriers. More »